Iranian Journal of Neurology 2017. 16(4):.

The relationship of multiple sclerosis and cerebral developmental venous anomaly with an advantageous role in the multiple sclerosis diagnosis
Mohammad Reza Sasani, Ali Reza Dehghan, Ali Reza Nikseresht

Abstract


-

Keywords


Multiple Sclerosis; Cerebral Venous Angioma; Pathogenesis; Intracranial CNS Disorders; Venous Insufficiency; Magnetic Resonance Imaging

References


Milo R and Miller A. Revised diagnostic criteria of multiple sclerosis. Autoimmun Rev 2014; 13: 518-524.

Brinar VV and Barun B. Challenges in multiple sclerosis; how to define occurence of progression. Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2013; 115 Suppl 1: S30-34.

Poser CM and Brinar VV. Diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis: an historical review. Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2004; 106: 147-158.

Barakos JA and Purcell DD. White Matter and Neurodegenerative Diseases. In: Brant WE and Helms CA (eds) Fundamentals of Diagnostic Radiology. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2012, pp.170-193.

Larson III TC. Cerebral Aneurysms and Cerebrovascular Malformations. In: Haaga JR, et al. (ed) CT and MRI of the Whole Body. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier, 2009, pp.229-294.

Grossman RI and McGowan JC. Perspectives on multiple sclerosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 1998; 19: 1251-1265.

Karussis D. The diagnosis of multiple sclerosis and the various related demyelinating syndromes: a critical review. J Autoimmun 2014; 48-49: 134-142.

Polman CH, Reingold SC, Banwell B, et al. Diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis: 2010 revisions to the McDonald criteria. Ann Neurol 2011; 69: 292-302.

Lee C, Pennington MA and Kenney C. MR evaluation of developmental venous anomalies: medullary venous anatomy of venous angiomas. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 1996; 17: 61-70.

Wattjes MP, Steenwijk MD and Stangel M. MRI in the Diagnosis and Monitoring of Multiple Sclerosis: An Update. Clin Neuroradiol 2015; 25 Suppl 2: 157-165.

Prenc LR, Telarović S, Vidović I and Sepčić J. Concurrence of multiple sclerosis and vascular malformation of the brainstem: case report. Neurol Croat 2012; 61: 63-66.

Zamboni P, Menegatti E, Bartolomei I, et al. Intracranial venous haemodynamics in multiple sclerosis. Curr Neurovasc Res 2007; 4: 252-258.

Bastianello S, Romani A, Viselner G, et al. Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in multiple sclerosis: clinical correlates from a multicentre study. BMC Neurol 2011; 11: 132.

Wattjes MP, van Oosten BW, de Graaf WL, et al. No association of abnormal cranial venous drainage with multiple sclerosis: a magnetic resonance venography and flow-quantification study. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2011; 82: 429-435.

Töpper R, Jürgens E, Reul J and Thron A. Clinical significance of intracranial developmental venous anomalies. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1999; 67: 234-238.

Wilms G, Demaerel P, Robberecht W, et al. Coincidence of developmental venous anomalies and other brain lesions: a clinical study. Eur Radiol 1995; 5: 495-500.

Sundstrom P, Wahlin A, Ambarki K, Birgander R, Eklund A and Malm J. Venous and cerebrospinal fluid flow in multiple sclerosis: a case-control study. Ann Neurol 2010; 68: 255-259.

Zivadinov R, Cutter G, Marr K, et al. No association between conventional brain MR imaging and chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in multiple sclerosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2012; 33: 1913-1917.

Doepp F, Paul F, Valdueza JM, Schmierer K and Schreiber SJ. No cerebrocervical venous congestion in patients with multiple sclerosis. Ann Neurol 2010; 68: 173-183.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.