Iranian Journal of Neurology 2017. 16(4):.

Height, shape and Anterior-posterior diameter of pituitary gland on magnetic resonance imaging in multiple sclerosis patients compared to normal population
Mohammad Saba, Hossein Ali Ebrahimi, Habibeh Ahmadi-Pour, Mohammad Khodadoust




Multiple Sclerosis; Pituitary; Height; Shape; Magnetic Resonance Imaging


Noseworthy JH, Lucchinetti C, Rodriguez M, Weinshenker BG. Multiple sclerosis. N Engl J Med. 2000 Sep 28;343(13):938-52.

Mohammad Ali Shafa, M.D.1, Hossein Ali Ebrahimi, M.D.2*, Narges Khanjani, P.hD.3 A Study of the Seasonal Incidence of Multiple Sclerosis Attacks in Kerman, Iran. Journal of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, 2014; 21(5): 376-383

Etemadifar M1, Izadi S, Nikseresht A, Sharifian M, Sahraian MA, Nasr Z. Estimated prevalence and incidence of multiple sclerosis in Iran. Eur Neurol. 2014;72(5:370-4. doi: 10.1159/000365846. Epub 2014 Oct 18.

Ebrahimi HA, Sedighi B. Prevalence of multiple sclerosis and environmental factors in Kerman province, Iran. Neurology Asia 2013; 18(4): 385-9.

O'connor, T. M., D. J. O'halloran, and F. Shanahan. "The stress response and the hypothalamic- pituitary‐adrenal axis: from molecule to melancholia." Qjm 93.6 (2000): 323-333.

Michelson D, Stone L, Galliven E, Magiakou MA, Chrousos GP, Sternberg EM, et al. Multiple sclerosis is associated with alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1994 Sep;79(3):848-53.

Saba Mohamad1, Ebrahimi Hosseinali1, Ahmadipour Habibeh2, Khodadoust M Mohamad *3The mean height and anteroposterior diameter and shape of a normal pituitary gland in a sample population at the age group of 15-40. Pars Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 13, No.2, Summer 2015

Heesen C, Mohr DC, Huitinga I, Bergh FT, Gaab J, Otte C, et al. Stress regulation in multiple sclerosis: current issues and concepts. Mult Scler. 2007 Mar;13(2):143-8.

Tsunoda A, Okuda O, Sato K. MR height of the pituitary gland as a function of age and sex: especially physiological hypertrophy in adolescence and in climacterium. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1997 Mar;18(3):551-4.

Gottschalk M, Kumpfel T, Flachenecker P, Uhr M, Trenkwalder C, Holsboer F, et al. Fatigue and regulation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis in multiple sclerosis. Arch Neurol. 2005 Feb;62(2):277-80.

Jafarzadeh A, Ebrahimi HA, Bagherzadeh S, Zarkesh F, Iranmanesh F, Najafzadeh A, et al. Lower serum levels of Th2-related chemokine CCL22 in women patients with multiple sclerosis: a comparison between patients and healthy women. Inflammation. 2014 Apr;37(2):604-10.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.