Iranian Journal of Neurology 2018. 17(1):.

The Effect of Premorbid Features on Post-Stroke Rehabilitation Outcome
OZGUR ZELIHA KARAAHMET, Ebru Umay, Eda Gurcay, Azize Serçe, Ibrahim Gundogdu, Aytul Cakci




Stroke, Rehabilitation, Premorbid characteristics, Stroke prognosis, Rehabilitation outcome



- Lozano R, Naghavi M, Foreman K, et al. Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet. 2012;380:2095–2128.

- Park HJ, Kim TU, Hyun JK, et al. Family History and Functional Outcome in Korean Stroke Patients: A Preliminary Study. Ann Rehabil Med. 2015;39:980-985.

- Bang OY, Park HY, Yoon JH, et al. Predicting the Long-Term Outcome after Subacute Stroke within the Middle Cerebral Artery Territor. J Clin Neurol. 2005;1:148–158.

- Wade DT. Measurement in Neurological Rehabilitation. Curr Opin Neurol Neurosurg. 1992;5:682-686.

- Kidd D, Stewart G, Baldry J, et al. The Functional Independence Measure: a comparative validity and reliability study. Disabil Rehabil 1995;17:10-14.

- Galimanis A, Mono ML, Arnold M, et al. Lifestyle and stroke risk: a review. Curr Opin Neurol. 2009;22:60-68.

- Fernandes TG, Goulart AC, Santos-Junior WR, et al. Educational levels and the functional dependence of ischemic stroke survivors. Cad. Saúde Pública. 2012;28:1581-1590.

- Formisano R, Pantano P, Buzzi MG, et al. Late motor recovery is influenced by muscle tone changes after stroke. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2005;86:308-311.

- Alonso A, Ebert AD, Kern R, et al. Outcome Predictors of Acute Stroke Patients in Need of Intensive Care Treatment. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2015;40:10-17.

- Kapral MK, Fang J, Hill MD, et al. Investigators of the Registry of the Canadian Stroke Network. Sex differences in the stroke care and outcomes: results from Registry of the Canadian Stroke Network. Stroke. 2005;36:809-814.

- Zhang B, Pu S, Zhang W, et al. Sex differences in risk factors, etiology, and short-term outcome of cerebral infarction in young patients. Atherosclerosis. 2011;216:420-425.

- Paolucci S, Bragoni M, Coiro P, et al. Is sex a prognostic factor in stroke rehabilitation? Stroke. 2006;37:2989-2994.

- Paolucci S, Gandolfo C, Provinciali L, et al. Quantification of the risk of post stroke depression: the Italian multicenter observational study DESTRO. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2005;112: 272-278

- Li B, Wang T, Lou Y, et al. Sex Differences in Outcomes and Associated Risk Factors After Acute Ischemic Stroke in Elderly Patients: A Prospective Follow-up Study. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2015;24:2277-2284.

- Jones SP, Jenkinson AJ, Leathley MJ, et al. Stroke knowledge and awareness: an integrative review of the evidence. Age Ageing. 2010;39:11-22.

- Sien J, Jung H, Tay SS, et al. Results from a prospective acute inpatient rehabilitation database: Clinical characteristic and functional outcomes using the functional indepence measure. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2007;36 3-10.

- Spratt N, Wang Y, Levi C, et al. A prospective study of predictors of prolonged hospital stay and disability aіer stroke. J Clin Neurosci. 2003;10:665-669.

- Lee HC, Chang KC, Lan CF, et al. Factors associated with prolonged hospital stay for acute stroke in Taiwan. Acta Neurol Taiwan. 2008;17:17-25.

- Linder SM, Rosenfeldt AB, Rasanow M, et al. Forced Aerobic Exercise Enhances Motor Recovery After Stroke: A Case Report. Am J Occup Ther. 2015;6:1-8.

- Dobkin BH. Training and exercise to drive poststroke recovery. Nat Clin Pract Neurol. 2008;4:76-85.

- Zhao W, An Z, Hong Y, et al. Low total cholesterol level is the independent predictor of poor outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke: a hospital-based prospective study. BMC Neurol. 2016;15;16:36.

- S Elmståhl, M Sommer, B Hagberg. A 3-year follow-up of stroke patients: relationships between activities of daily living and personality characteristics. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 1996;22:233-244.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.