Neurotheology: The relationship between brain and religion.

  • Alireza Sayadmansour Mail Department of Philosophy, School of Literature and Humanities, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
Keywords:
Brain, Causality, Functional Brain Imaging, Neurotheology, Prayer, Spirituality

Abstract

"Neurotheology" refers to the multidisciplinary field of scholarship that seeks to understand the relationship between the human brain and religion. In its initial development, neurotheology has been conceived in very broad terms relating to the intersection between religion and brain sciences in general. The author's main objective is to introduce neurotheology in general and provides a basis for more detailed scholarship from experts in theology, as well as in neuroscience and medicine.

References

1. Biello D. Searching for God in the Brain [Online]. [cited 2013 June 15]; Available from: URL: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.c fm?id=searching-for-god-in-the-brain
2. Newberg AB. Principles of Neurotheology. Surrey, UK: Ashgate Publishing; 2010. p. 1-3.
3. Burton R. Neurotheology. In: Burton R, editor. On Being Certain: Believing You Are Right Even When You're Not. New York, NY: St. Martin's Press; 2009.
4. Apfalter W. Neurotheology: What Can We Expect from a (Future) Catholic Version? Theology and Science 2009; 7(2): 163-74.
5. Newberg AB. Neuroscience and religion: Neurotheology. In: Jones L, editor. Encyclopedia of religion. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Macmillan Reference USA; 2005.
6. Ashbrook JB, Albright CR. The humanizing brain: where religion and neuroscience meet. Cleveland, OH: Pilgrim Press; 1997. p. 7.
7. Newberg A, D'Aquili EG. Why God Won't o Away: Brain Science and the Biology of Belief. New York, NY: Random House Publishing Group; 2008. p. 12.
8. Alper M. God Part of the Brain. Naperville, IL: Sourcebooks; 2008. p. 5.
9. D'Aquili EG, Newberg AB. The Mystical Mind: Probing the Biology of Religious Experience. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press; 1999.
10. Wikipedia. Ibid [Online]. [cited 2008]; Available from: URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibid
11. Damasio AR. The Feeling of what Happens: Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness. San Diego, CA: Harcourt Incorporated; 2000.
12. Brandta PY, Clémentb F, Re Manningc R. Neurotheology: challenges and opportunities. Schweizer Archiv Fur Neurologie Und Psychiatrie 2010; 161(8): 305-9.
13. Hick J. The New Frontier of Religion and Science: Religious Experience, Neuroscience and the Transcendent. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan; 2010. p. 58-62.
14. McKinney LO. Neurotheology: Virtual Religion in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: American Institute for Mindfulness; 1994. p. 48.
15. Fontana D. Psychology, Religion and Spirituality. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley; 2003. p. 145-7.
16. Sim MK, Tsoi WF. The effects of centrally acting drugs on the EEG correlates of meditation. Biofeedback Self Regul 1992; 17(3): 215-20.
17. Crick F. Astonishing Hypothesis: The Scientific Search for the Soul. New York, NY: Scribner; 1995. p. 53.
18. Koenig H, King D, Carson VB. Handbook of Religion and Health. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press; 2012.
19. Carter R. Exploring Consciousness. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press; 2004. p. 44-7.
20. King M, Speck P, Thomas A. The effect of spiritual beliefs on outcome from illness. Soc Sci Med 1999; 48(9): 1291-9.
21. Miller L. Chaos as the Universal Solvent [Online]. [cited 2013]; Available from: URL: http://asklepia.tripod.com/Chaosophy/chaos ophy3.html
How to Cite
1.
Sayadmansour A. Neurotheology: The relationship between brain and religion. Curr J Neurol. 13(1):52-55.
Section
Special Articles